Soccer Player Development

A Historical Review of Soccer Tactics

Great Historical Narrative. Shortsighted Prognostication

In their YouTube video WHY the development of football tactics is over the folks at DW Kick Off give a beautifully detailed chronology of the evolution of team tactics, starting with the first international soccer game ever in 1872 – where England used the 1-1-8 formation versus Scotland’s 2-2-6 formation. Game score was 0-0.

Image of 1-1-8v2-2-6 formation

They go on to breakdown each of the dominant formations as soccer tactics evolved from

  • Extreme offensive pressing and counter-pressing to
  • Emphasis on ball possession and circulation to
  • Extremely defensive tactics to
  • A combination of the old tactics, requiring every team to master every tactic and then seek refinements in their application

Watch the video below. Then read on afterwards to see the highlights described on a timeline and complemented with tactically-centered reference videos that explain how each tactic revolutionized soccer and show how the tactics are applied to perfection.

Chronology of Historical Revolutions in Soccer

From 1872 to the 1960s we see the dominance of extreme offensive tactics. The chronology goes as follows:

  • A few years after 1872: England adopts the Pyramid or 2-3-5 formation
  • 1930s: Arsenal dominates with the WM or 3-2-2-3 formation
  • 1930s – 1953: Pyramid and WM are the norm for 1st few world cups
  • 1953: Hungary moves the center forward back on its 2-3-5 formation. Thus transforming the Pyramid, 2-3-5, to a 2-3-1-4; creating the first false 9 position, and beating England 6-3 in the process.

In the 60s we see extreme defensive tactics take center stage.

  • 1960s: First introduced by Karl Rappan in the 1930s, Catenaccio didn’t gain traction until the Italians reintroduced it. Catenaccio (aka The Chain), which means “door-bolt” in Italian, is zone defense that, when executed properly, can put as many as five defenders on the offensive player receiving the ball at the same time. Inter Milan dominated the sixties with this tactic. See the best explanation of Catenaccio in the video below.
Although described as a defensive tactic this video clarifies how Catenaccio was much more than that.
  • 1970s: Say hello to Total Futbol or the 4-3-3 formation. Each player can play any position, but the formation must be maintained by the team at all times. It is used by Holland most consistently and effectively. Watch Holland in action using the Total Football tactic in the video below..
  • 1980s: The 4-3-3 formation is complemented with Ugly Defensive Football which puts emphasis on heavy man to man coverage of all play makers. Used most successfully by Germany and Argetina.

  • Late 80s – Present: Arrigo Sacchi (aka The 4-4-2), named after the famous AC Milan coach, introduces a flat back 4 and uses an aggressive offside trap, while keeping the distances between the three lines compact. This tactic went contrary to what most Italian clubs were using at the time, Catenaccio. More focused on offense than defense, this tactic places heavy emphasis on ball possession. Hence, the need for keeping the space between the lines compact. This tactic revolutionized Italian soccer. For most clubs, it’s still the standard today.

What’s Happening Right Now Right Now?

What we are seeing today is investment in tactical refinements. Pepe Guardiola has led a mini-revolution refining the Tiki-Taka. This possession based offensive tactic looks like a 2-3-5 with a false 9 that creates a tremendous number of short passing lanes. Call it the extreme version of theTiki-Taka.

Because the 2-3-5 is a high risk tactic that can leave your defensive line vulnerable to counter-attack, it can only win championships if you possess the most elite of fullbacks capable of closing long defensive gaps quickly. Hence the rise of the expensive super-back.

The long ball, with an emphasis on cross-field diagonal passes, has made a comeback as well.

Another blast from the past is La Pausa. Used masterfully by Pele in the 60s, and part of Messi’s bag of tricks today, a highly skilled and quick dribbler will stop his sprint mid-stream. This causes the defender to make a split-second stop long enough to have to reset and re-guess what the offensive player’s next move.

Last, we have the stopped ball plays. If you’re as old as I am, you’ve noticed that corner kicks and free kicks have become scientific and artistic beyond anything you could have envisioned 20 years ago. They are beautiful and accurate, and each one matters, as many critical games in recent history have been decided by dead ball plays. This is not by accident. It is yet another example of teams searching for any refinement they can make to gain the upper hand over a competitor. Watch NTX’s 50 Insane Free Kicks in Football 2019 below.

Outside of tactical refinements of already existing tactics, there’s not much left to discover. This is where the story ends for the DW Kick Off writers. However, it doesn’t end there for the soccer world. A new hero is born – the goalie.

A New Real Technical Tactical Revolution is Emerging

How do you add another offensive player to your team? Involve the goalie!!

At first I thought this article from THE18 was a gag article, but it isn’t. It breaks down the way Manuel Neuer, superstar goalie from Bayern Munich, made the difference in their Champions League game victory over Tottenham. And so the wingback keeper position is born. Click the image below to learn more about what he did in the game, and drafts the template for the next revolution in soccer tactics.

The soccer world still has new tricks up its sleeve, and there is yet more room for this beautiful game to grow. Thank goodness!!!

Article on Manuel Neuer’s, a goalie, new role

What’s Next in The Evolution of Soccer Tactics?

This concludes A Historical Review of Soccer Tactics. All of the videos featured in this article can be found on my growing YouTube playlist, Soccer Wisdom. The YouTube Embed below gives you access to that playlist.

Thank you to the folks at DW Kick Off! for providing the inspiration that pushed me to learn more and more about the history of the revolutions that have changed the game forever.

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Career Planning On Education Science and Technology

Should You Be Qualified For A Tech Job?

So what do you think? Should you be qualified for a tech job at a place like Google? The truth is that it no longer matters what you think or what excuse you make. If you want to keep earning in today’s economy, you better catapult your skills into the 21st century real fast.

Home Computer Lab

Before you conclude your skills are in tune with the technical demands of 21st century jobs, do a little research. I thought I was current. I did the research, and I have been going back to school since the moment I left my old job in February.

Let’s Hear From Someone That’s Actually In Da Game

A Trip Down Memory Lane

When I was in my 20s, 30s, and even early 40s, I remember watching people my age struggle with some real basics of personal computing. I’m talking about things like password reset or connecting to a network printer. The usual excuse was, “I’m not very good with computers.”

Who said anything about being good at computers??? At my last job I would hear coworkers call IT because they couldn’t remember their password. They couldn’t map their terminal to the local network printer, when the printer’s IP address was labeled right on the side of it. I guess they didn’t think they needed to be qualified for a tech job, and I haven’t talked about anything technical yet.

If You Can’t Troubleshoot Your Printer At Work on Your Own You’re In Trouble

All I could think was, “Get ready for early obsolescence.”

As HR Director for a company that was considered the industry standard for innovation, it concerned me that much of our company management team was close to being replaced by our online software. By the time I left, I could see how our online software had finally accumulated the same technical wisdom it had taken some of these managers a lifetime to accumulate.

I wasn’t concerned for them. I was concerned for the young men and women working under their leadership. We’d hire entry level staff straight out of high school, as unskilled as possible, that could answer the phone, navigate various screens, write down an order, finish writing it as soon as the call was done, and be ready for the next call. How would they climb the ladder now, if there was nothing new to learn – no value to add? The software did all the heavy lifting, AND it never called in sick.

Online Software: Opportunity Killer Or Creator

The online software eliminated the need to 1) know complex mathematical operations, 2) know what system components were compatible or incompatible, or 3) know technical aspects about the products selected for the solution requested. Once the customer learned to use the software, the software eliminated the need to have as many estimators other than those with power user knowledge. In that regard the software was an opportunity killer.

However, as the old proverb says, where one door closes another opens. The example of my old job is the narrative of a company doing what it had to to stay ahead. It is the individual’s burden to remain aware of risks and opportunities, to react productively when they present themselves, and to reinvent him or herself when the harsh reality finally sets in that there is no staying still. There is only move forward. The only constant in life is change.

For The Unprepared: An Encounter With A Harsh Reality Awaits

This is what will happen to you if you don’t get your skills 21st centuried-up! Have you ever had to do the walk of shame, just because you chose not to retool?

The day of career reckoning is coming for those who won’t get their skills 21st centuried-up. Unfortunately, many of the managers at my old job used their age to define them. All they did was say they were too old to go back to school. They got offended, retired, or looked for work at another place. The fact that they’d seen the train coming and didn’t do anything to stay in the game was a hard pill to swallow for many of them.

Is The Self-Deception More Prevalent Than Just At My Last Place of Employment?

If you’ve read our mission statement it says that our mission is to prepare the youth from working class families to become undeniably qualified for a tech position at a Silicon Beach/Valley company, like Google. I’ve now shared that mission statement with people hundreds of times, and they look at me like I’m a fool, or there’s no reaction at all – just a glum facial expression. It feels like I’m the crazy one.

Once all the technical product wisdom was captured in the software the technical support department on the left was no longer needed. Customers could do a better job on their own using the online software shown on the right.

It’s been almost as if the fate I’ve drawn for those I’ve spoken to didn’t think that it applied to them and their kids. The concept of becoming obsolete overnight was just too hard to grasp. They continue believing that somehow we are going to figure it out for those who fall behind.


Let’s Face It. Ignorance Is Bliss. Delusion Is Even Better.

Seriously. Who wants to wake up to the question, “Should You Be Qualified For A Tech Job?”. I do, and every day I talk myself out of answering Yes. But the delusions must stop. You must stop running away. If not, you run the risk of believing your own bull—t. I did.

Homeless Picture

For a moment I had started second guessing myself. I had fallen for the lure of self-deception. Heck, I even played along.

The mission wasn’t gaining traction. So I threw a picture of a homeless encampment on my YouTube channel’s page, and all of a sudden people started paying attention. I had changed nothing else. I just added the picture. Self-deception rewarded.

Lie To Yourself Once & You’ll Lie To Yourself Again


The positive feedback felt so good, I had to keep playing along. I added a few stories about families I knew who had fallen victim to displacement, and people started telling me they liked what I was doing. Can you say, “WHAT”?

Once again, I had changed nothing else. Just added a few pictures and talked about displacement.

Sure, there’s a connection between these different topics, and they are all worthwhile fighting for. The problem is people are seeing their fate come at them like a speeding bullet, but they can’t find it in them to move out of the way. So no more distractions and trying to find the long way to speaking the truth. Let’s just talk straight truth. We can’t help others if we can’t help ourselves first.

This Problem Is More Ours Than Anybody Else’s

It would appear there’s a few people out there paying attention to the complex truth, and talking about it. The rest of us are resting on outdated trends in income-education correlations. But education is where the urgent change needs to happen first.

The educational attainment indicator can no longer just be looked at as degree-not degree. It has to ask, what kind of degree did you obtain? The college enrollment indicator can no longer be looked at as college-no college. There has to be a measure of, “How good is your school?”

I’ll tell you right now, if the best my kid can do is a JC or a Cal State, it may not be worth the hefty investment. The school better have a value return that’s worth the cost.

But the problem isn’t our kid’s problem. It is ours!! Our education needs a boost. If you are in your 20s through 60s, and you are not beefing up your computer skills, you may not get to make that final house note, because you’re not going to have work, and you’ll run out of money.

An Intermission For Some Inspiration

So Let Me Ask Again. Should You Be Qualified For A Tech Job?


To think you will be employable without at least some level of technical computer knowledge that goes beyond knowing how to use MS Office or Google Apps is like this pawn pretending to be a king. It is delusional.

So What’s The Takeaway?

If your past education did not involve learning how computer hardware and software work, you need to go back to school. I mean, that’s if you’re interested in working for pay.

I’ll leave you with an excerpt from an article I just read in the Wall Street Journal.


If these are the expectations for blue collar jobs. What will they be for white collar jobs? So should you be qualified for a tech job?

Soccer Player Development

The Future of Soccer in the U.S.

The future of soccer in the U.S. is looking good – especially for women’s soccer. Soccer fandom continues to grow, and it appears that Hispanic women are the human engine pushing soccer’s growth. Read more below.

Soccer Life Lesson Image
Before I proceed with this week’s story, I want to invite you to also read last week’s article where I critique US Youth Soccer’s lackluster explanation to parents about the life lessons our youth gain from playing soccer. What you are about to read below is a follow-up to that critique. THIS is how you write about soccer! Ole!!!

Stats About the Overall State of Soccer in the US

Soccer is more popular than ever and growing.

  • As of May 2015, over 24.4 million people play soccer in the United States. Reported by Wikipedia
  • In 2017, Gallup reported that soccer was the third-most played team sport in the U.S., behind only basketball and American football. Reported by Wikipedia  
  • According to the study findings reported in this article by Telemundo, close to 1 in every 4 Hispanics consider themselves die-hard fans.

One in Every Four is No Small Potatoes

Remember, there are close to 60,000,000 Hispanics living in the U.S. All of a sudden 1 in every 4 doesn’t sound so bad, does it? That’s close to 15,000,000 die-hard fans. We’re talking about those folks who can’t be disturbed for at least two hours, until “the big game” is over.

Then there’s the millions of regular fans who love the sport, but aren’t ready to devote all their free time to it. Bring the die-hard and regular soccer fans together, and we have a some serious fandom.

A view of the fans of the Womens World Cup soccer team ticker tape parade in New York City

Stats About the State of Women’s Soccer in the U.S.

Telemendo June 10, 2019 Soccer Article


  • 58% of soccer fans say they are fans of women’s soccer
  • Fanhood for women’s soccer is strong among Hispanic women, with 54% saying they are fans
  • 62% of Hispanic female soccer fans hope to share their passion for soccer with their children
  • 40% of Hispanics and 24% of non-Hispanics feel that their interest in women’s soccer has grown over the past five years.
  • Half of Hispanics and one-third of non-Hispanics (51% and 35%, respectively) feel that in the next five years, the FIFA Women’s World Cup will be equally as popular as the Men’s FIFA World Cup.
  • Half of Hispanics and close to one third of Non-Hispanic (51% and 31%, respectively) feel that men and women soccer games are equally entertaining
  • 51% of Hispanics and 27% of non-Hispanics would like to see more women’s soccer coverage on television.

A Bright Future for Soccer Means a Bright Future for Those in the Soccer Business

I never thought I’d live to see soccer beat any of the original top three American sports in popularity. Now it stands at number three. Clearly, the rapid growth of the Hispanic demographic in the past 20 years has had an impact on soccer’s popularity.

Hispanic Pop by 2060

The projected Hispanic population of the United States for July 1, 2060 is 111.2 million people, or about 28% of the nation’s total projected population on that date. That’s growth by a factor of nearly 90% – almost double the population of Hispanics today.

All trends in soccer’s popularity remaining equal, if the number of Hispanics living in the U.S. nearly doubles what it is today by the year 2060, then we can assume that the same will happen for soccer’s popularity, if not better. That’s good news for the hundreds of thousands of soccer coaches who have carried the torch for soccer – with low to no compensation, and in most cases having to come out of pocket to cover costs.

In Our Next Article

Maybe It’s Time To Start Showing the Grass Roots Coaches Some Love

For decades grass roots soccer coaches across the country have been working for free, or close to it, treating their craft like a full-time job. Some even making full-time soccer coaching their career – figuring out how to pay the bills along the way, but always staying true to the promotion of soccer.

I know two of those coaches. Their names are Coach Beto and Mario Sanchez. Check out their stories. They’re truly extraordinary individuals who embody the behaviors of world-class soccer coaches.

There’s a Lot of Big Games to Watch If You Like International Soccer

How big is professional soccer? Six confederations, dozens of leagues within each, with dozens of teams within each league, and dozens of players on each team.

There are 265,000,000 soccer players world-wide. That’s almost the size of the entire U.S. population.

Soccer is Huge!!!

Personal Development Soccer Player Development

US Youth Soccer’s Life Lesson Checklist Needs Some Backbone

Youth Soccer Life Lessons Article Image

In this post we review US Youth Soccer’s article entitled, “Soccer Teaches Many Lessons On and Off the Field.” My overall critique is that US Youth Soccer’s life lesson checklist needs some backbone. This is why?

A Hopeful List of Life Lessons Taught By Soccer

The purpose of my critique is to tell US Youth Soccer that it must at least sound more confident when it communicates the benefits of playing soccer. How they articulated these benefits in this article is an embarrassment.

More importantly, US Youth Soccer missed a real opportunity to establish itself as a legitimate leader in this beautiful sport by asserting its expectations for the adults that participate in the sport of soccer. Personally, I would have spelled out for the adults the behaviors they must model and teach in order for soccer to successfully teach these life lessons.

What’s Wrong With This Article?

This article does neither of the things suggested above. It sets no expectation and it lacks confidence in what soccer can do for our youth. Moreover, the description of the Life Lessons it lists fails to distinguish what is uniquely special about soccer that enables teaching them.


Worst of all, it absolves the adults which participate in youth soccer of any responsibility or accountability. Come on US Youth Soccer. Soccer doesn’t teach life lessons. Adults do!

What Do You Mean “We Hope?”

The article provides a checklist of eight life lessons that soccer can teach its youth players. It introduces this list to the reader as follows. “Here’s a checklist for life lessons we hope your athlete has learned or will learn through their youth sports experience.”


This is what I envision when I think of paid professionals and leaders operating off of hope. Leaders are expected to do more than hope. Leaders lead by example.

“We hope??? We hope???” What kind of a leader in any field, industry, sport, nation, or business sells the benefits and advantages of their product with a statement of hope. How would you react if your child’s doctor said this right before beginning surgery? “I hope I can save your child’s life? Let’s keep our fingers crossed.” Not too reassuring is it?

What Does Hope Look Like In Soccer?


In youth soccer, to hope is to throw a ball and eleven untrained and unfamiliar individuals onto a soccer field to play against a well-trained, highly disciplined elite soccer club respected for its sportsmanship and winning streak, and expect that your team doesn’t get clobbered so bad.

There Is No Reward for Hopeful Soccer Leadership


The first item in the Life Lesson Checklist is Practice Makes…Better: It’s not about being perfect. It’s about getting better and improving. One of the life lessons we hope our children learn through sports is that their effort will be rewarded.

I know what this looks like from personal experience. Last year my 12-year old played on her school’s soccer team. They had three practices all season. They were dominated, sometimes creamed to the point of disillusion, in nearly every game. In the one game the team held its ground the coach’s end of game pep talk began with, “Well, that’s the best loss we’ve had this year. I’m really proud of you.” What??? This is a coach who operated from a place of hope. Do you think these girls felt rewarded?

US Youth Soccer, don’t hope. Lead. Set a standard. Establish an expectation. Make it a requirement for public school and grass root soccer coaches to conduct thoughtful and frequent practices prior to and during the season, and develop their players. And then, enforce the standard.

What Is The Life Lesson When We Hope Both Teams Play Fairly?


Parents, coaches, players, how many of you have experienced near uncontrollable rage when you or your player/child was the kid in the green shirt? How many of you recall wondering why the referee or the opposing coach, did nothing to enlighten the kid in the red shirt about playing with dignity?

Another item on the Life Lesson Checklist is Win and Lose with Dignity: It’s called “Honoring the Game” in sports. And we hope our young athletes learn to both win and lose while respecting themselves, their teammates, their opponents and the officials and organization that help make their sport experience possible.”

There’s that word hope again. This is what I hope. I hope US Youth Soccer realizes there are many wrong life lessons being taught by the adults who participate in it, either deliberately or through their inaction. Both are equally as guilty.


US Youth Soccer, demand that adults who participate in the game of soccer teach the right life lessons. Lead by example. Model, enforce, and support the behavior. If not, we’ll have more of what you see in this image.

In Conclusion

There is no hope for soccer if we hope our youth learn life lessons through osmosis. Hope is a word used by those unprepared or out of their league. This article was written by someone who’s in the wrong league altogether.

The argument that soccer teaches life lessons is correct, but advocates of soccer must be able to make an argument that highlights the specific life lessons that can only be taught within the game of soccer alone.

Examples of Life Lessons That Can Only Be Taught By the Soccer Community

Stay tuned for our next article, where we share with you the life lessons that can only be taught by the soccer community.

CTDDS YouTube Channel Soccer Section

In the meantime, we invite you to visit the CTD Development Services Inc YouTube Channel. We’ve built a section just for the soccer community.

Select any of the clips below watch some of our clients that are soccer coaches talk about the life lessons they teach through soccer.

Career Planning Science and Technology

Demystify to Diversify

With this article I begin to share the collection of multimedia resources I’ve collected in my research. I plan to use this collection during the Career Planning Phase of the Nine Step Personal Development Program. It will be shared in a course I call Demystify to Diversify. Below I showcase some of the content of this collection. Enjoy.

Videos to Demystify What You Need To Know and Be Able To Do

A key element of the Demystify to Diversify course is demystifying the learning our clients must attain to optimize their chances of getting a job in the tech industry. It starts with knowing what those jobs are.

Readings To Demystify The Physical Work Environment in the Tech Industry

The Demystify to Diversify course teaches our clients about what life is like at tech companies, including the types of physical structures that usually house them.

The Well-Designed Office is Not Emptying Out, It’s Better than Ever
Published on February 27, 2019
Brett Hautop
Sr Director of Global Design and Build – Curator of Exceptional Workplace Experiences
15 articles

We’re Taking the Office Outdoors
Published on January 25, 2019

Brett Hautop
Sr Director of Global Design and Build – Curator of Exceptional Workplace Experiences

Watch this Video to See the Office of the Future, Now.
Published on October 4, 2018

Brett Hautop
Sr Director of Global Design and Build – Curator of Exceptional Workplace Experiences

Demystify to Diversify

Career Planning Mobile Web

Get Jobs With Good Pay Without a Bachelor’s

I was on LinkedIn last night and found this great post about an article published by Olivia Raimonde, Editorial Intern at Money Magazine. It provides an overview of the cost, time, and credit requirements to get jobs with good pay without a Bachelor’s degree. Let me tell you what was good about the article.

What Was Good About the Article

7 High Pay Jobs With Associates
Click here to view the post on LinkedIn.

First of all, I always appreciate the sharing of information that reminds us that all is not lost if a young person doesn’t have a Bachelor’s Degree by the age of 29. It’s reassuring to know jobs with good pay that don’t require a Bachelor’s Degree exist.

I also liked the article, because it references high paying jobs for individuals with only a high school diploma, and provides a link to an article by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) entitled, High-wage occupations by typical entry-level education, 2017. It breaks down median income for careers requiring every type of educational attainment level.

If you’re a teenager thinking about career path, and weighing your options, and weekly income is a factor, the BLS site is one to look at. If you’re currently employed wondering what else is out there and how much it pays, save the Bureau of Labor Statistics page in your favorites. If you live out of your phone, no problem. BLS has an app for IOS and Android. I’ve provided some screenshots below to entice you to download the app.

  • Avg Wk Wages Software Publishers
  • BLS App Menu Page
  • Avg Weekly Wages Computer and Mgmt Training
  • Avg Weekly Wages for Ed Svcs in LACo

Parents – Help Your Kids Get Jobs With Good Pay

If you’re the parent of a teenager, or you have a young adult sleeping on your couch, and you’re wondering what you can do to facilitate his or her exodus into adulthood, sit down with him/her/them. Pull up the BLS page or app and explore together.

Spend some time together getting familiar with the data and the navigation, and search around until you find some careers that pay well and you agree are worth researching further. After all, you won’t know what kind of education your child will need to pursue until you first have a career target.

I’d Be Figuring Out How to Get Into the Mobile Tech Industry If I Were You

There’s a lot of opportunity for all hidden inside that $1,000 device in your pocket. We haven’t even begun to scratch the surface.

If after you put some time into studying the data on the BLS app you still feel lost, read my LinkedIn post on Quality Apps for Making Extra Cash. Learn about the opportunities that no one is talking about, and then learn how to use them. You may find you can get jobs with good pay without and bachelor’s degree that you had never even thought about.

If you like that article, go to the Blog page and read about’s mobile app recommendations for people running their businesses from their mobile devices.

Personal Development Professional Development

Expectations for Clients

Our expectations for clients are high. However high of a level you are in your personal, professional, or business development, we can help you achieve a higher level of development. But this is work is not easy for anyone.

We ask our clients to challenge themselves in ways they may not be accustomed to. Therefore, we advise them to come prepared to learn, to think, and to stop doing the things they know are bad for them, cold turkey.

It takes a super-human person to do that alone. We’re here to help. You don’t need to be superhuman, but you need to be strong. That’s why we ask them to come strong or don’t come at all.

Expectations and Requirements for Clients

Career Planning The Diversity Gap

Time to Take a Hard Look in the Mirror

This article asks Latinx Generations Xers and the Boomers to make the time to take a hard look in the mirror. Like myself, I know that many of you are part of the first generation in your family to go to college. And, because of our experiences and observations, many of us went into education. We became teachers, principals, counselors, and school district administrators. And so what???

The Current State of Latinx Educational Attainment

Latinxers now make up 18.9% of all students enrolled on college campuses at around 3.2 million out of 16.9 million as of 2016. That’s nice. Latinxers make up 18% of total population in the US as of 2016. So as far as equal representation on college campuses is concerned – mission accomplished. If that’s what you went into education for, thank you, but now what?

What did we expect to happen once they got in, took on some debt, and got hit with overwhelming culture shock, homesickness, rigor at a level never seen before, and the inability to manage a personal budget? The Google Diversity Report forces us to take a hard look in the mirror, and ask ourselves,”Was that it? All that trouble preaching college and the rewards of acquiring a 4-year post-secondary education, and for what? Is the struggle to close the achievement gap over?

Get the Whole Story

Want to see the data that explains why we have a Latinx diversity gap at Google and other tech companies? Watch the A Comprehensive Overview of CTD Development Services Inc playlist on our YouTube Channel.

Are Latinxer College Grads Getting The Jobs?

Although Latinx representation on college campuses exceeds the rate of Latinx representation in the overall US population, Latinx representation in tech positions at places like Google are very low. Why? Watch the video below to see what the extent of the diversity gap is at Google. I don’t think you’ll be surprised. The question is, do you want to do something about it. I guess it’s time to take a hard look in the mirror.

What does the data say about the state of diversity at Google versus the overall US Population?

Planning for Action To Help Tech Companies Diversify the Tech Division of Their Workforce

CTD Development Services Inc was created to help tech companies diversify the tech divisions of their workforce, and then some. See our Plan for meeting this objective. Meet the Team that is working at the grass roots level to implement the plan. Right now, we’re engaging the community. We’re seeking the support of those who have been there from the beginning, and those who have benefited from the risks and sacrifices taken by those who came before us so that Latinx high school graduates had a chance to attend a university.

Connect With Us

Interested in being a Sponsor, Client, Instructor, Volunteer, or Subscriber? Visit our Contact Us page, or just complete our Contact Form.

Subscribe, Follow Us, Get Notified, Comment, and Share

Besides completing our training programs the best way to remain aware and to take advantage of the content we’re producing is by going to the CTD Development Services Inc YouTube Channel. Please visit and see all that we’re adding to it, and getting better at it.

Invest In a Better Society and Donate

Do you wish to support our Mission with a Donation? Visit our Donate page. Donate to our General Fund or one of the growing number of mission-related causes we already have underway. We are tremendously thankful for your support.

Personal Development

Wisdom Hours — Days 4 & 5

Wisdom Hours is a mentorship and personal development program directed by Alexander Knox. This video showcases what we did in Wisdom Hours — Days 4 & 5.

Day 4

All the guys worked independently on their projects during this day. I gave them an objective. Simple. Create something to inspire others, while integrating new found elements of personal breakthrough and growth gained from this week . I wanted them to come up with anything of their choosing (an idea, a thought, an action, a device). I met with each of them individually for 10 minutes to do a quick peer review, to reinforce direction. Day 5, the conclusion of the mentorship week, they will get the opportunity to present their passion projects, rooted and inspired by their personal growth from this week.

Day 5 

Personal Development Project Presentation


Aidan’s Personal Development Concluding Project

Aidan’s Project is available to download below:


Sebastian’s Personal Development Concluding Project

Sebastian’s Project is available to download below:


Manny was unable to present due to the fact he failed to put in the extra work. Nonetheless I allowed him to share his best idea. To my surprise, he got very passionate, very quickly. He told us how he wants to provide kids all around the world with soccer balls. With all of his emotion, energy and spirit he explained to us with conviction the power of a soccer ball. He said it embodies so much opportunity and good. He said the world needs more soccer balls. I showed him a great friend of mine’s non for profit, titled “Ball For Life”. Check out this video.

Alexander introducing Manny to a non for profit organization that shares the same vision as him

For more information about Ball For Life :


Vincent’s Personal Development Concluding Project


Jason had an incredible idea the day of peer review. Unfortunately he switched things up too much, and on the day of presentation he failed to create anything with any sense of specificity. He failed to include the inclusion of personal development lessons learned from the week, despite his heavy participation and engagement throughout the week. I urged him to go back to the drawing board once again and dig deep to create something that would encompass the things we learned throughout the week. Jason eventually submitted his project:

Closing Remarks:

It was a distinct honor and pleasure to be a part of these young men’s personal development. I only hope they take what we’ve learned together this week, and continue to build not only positive opportunities for themselves, but for their families, friends and communities.

Personal Development

Wisdom Hours — Day 1

A mentorship and personal development program directed by: Alexander Knox

I have a story. Not only do I want to share it, but I want to use its lessons to ignite inspiration, action, and hope within individuals all over the world. Today I took the first step in achieving this by launching “Wisdom Hours” , a project done in Santa Monica, California. I was able to recruit five talented local high school student-athletes to join me. Through an intense week of exercises, I challenged the boys to grow an every facet of their life. See for yourself how I was able to empower the boys to broaden each of their perspectives and take action on the most important things in their life.

Jason, Vincent, Sebastian, Manny and Aidan. It was an honor and a pleasure. I hope you enjoyed the experience.

This is Wisdom Hours:

Day 1 

I introduced myself to them as we met inside a local coffee shop. I told them my intention. I explained to them that this week could encapsulate profound value, if they brought their total undivided attention and focus. 

Without too much introduction, I threw them into their first task. I presented three fundamental questions :

What do you look up to?

What do you look forward to?

What are you chasing?

I challenged them to think through their answers and provide depth to their responses. This is what a couple of junior and senior high school students said:

Jason: “I look up to accomplishing my goals. I look forward to making a difference ithe world. I chase a better lifestyle, to be more groundedpeaceful with myself and others”

Vincent: “I look up to controlling my destiny. I look forward to making more of my own decisions. I chase my dream

Sebastian: “I look up to becoming a better player and person”. He’s unsure of what he looks forward to. And the one thing in life he is chasing, is the playoffs for his high school soccer team this fall. 

Manny: “I look up to people who have strong work ethic. I look forward to college, and to become more independent. I chase my future career”. He mentioned something about potentially following in his mom’s footsteps in the biomedical field. 

Aidan: “I look up to Darren Till and Steven Gerrard because they come from the same city as where my family comes from, and they have both made it out and have become very successful”. Aidan knows this because, as of recent he’s noticed that being more of an observant individual, allows him to more clearly see the little things that make a difference. Thus, he’s got the ability to be inspired and to be equipped with others’ experience that can in turn help him with his experiences. “I look forward to helping the community. I am chasing myself to become a better leader”.

Their Responses Analyzed Categorically — Qualitative Data

What is the purpose of doing this exercise?

One of the main purposes of this introductory exercise was to get a feel for where these young men are at in life. The goal was to gather their current perspective in terms of where they are and where they want to go, without asking the direct question, “where are you in terms of your overall goal in life?”. My initial hypothesis, given their age (16, 17 and 18) was confirmed when the results came back. The results of their answers yielded semi-specific answers at best, with uncertainty and vague undertones. The broadness and vagueness of their answers mostly dealt with the questions regarding each of their futures, which is again, expected. So I ask the question what answers were specific, if any? The qualitative data shows that the most specific answers pertained to improvement of self. Each of them, regardless of their background, shared a commonality of wanting to extend a little more specificity to “what it is they look up to?”; which they’ve collectively unanimously answered: self-improvement.

Having their attention and focus, I moved on seemlessly to self-improvement and its meaning. I initiated this by tapping into more of each individuals character. I asked them what they would be doing if they weren’t playing soccer today. Some answered they would be “avoiding the gutter”, others answered they’d be focusing on academics for the purpose of higher education, others said they’d find another sport, or even one kid said he’d be a farmer in South America. Their response indicated to me the profound presence and impact of soccer in their lives(I kept note of this— as it becomes integral when I get to Quantum Breakthrough). What I noticed is that soccer thus far has been a common language that they’ve communicated in. It has been the language that’s binded them together as friends, but has also communicated life lessons to them. Thus far, It has been their main source of acquiring wisdom, and they don’t even know. Moving on, I next introduced them to Quantum Breakthrough— a program of mine that runs a personal analysis on your most recent or most grand failure thus far in life. The purpose of this? I’ve theorized that, in the if you look close enough within the failure, you can flip the failure and its negative association on its head, to gain the lesson, therefore reap the benefit of a new found breakthrough. This is is not a necessarily straight forward process even though it sounds as such. The biggest obstacle of this challenge is willingness to dig deep and take responsibility. Taking responsibility is taking your power back, but in order to take your responsibility you must be utmost accountable. This is where will power comes in. The ego must be swallowed or set free, and one must come to terms with whatever they’ve failed at. There is strength in this process, but again, it first takes the strong willingness to dive to the depths of self to meet accountability, honesty and integrity. I gave the boys some time to think and write, this is what they came back to me with, this was each of their Quantum Breakthroughs:


Quantum Failure: 

Got cut form the Santa Monica High School Soccer Team

Quantum Breakthroughs:

1. His breakthrough lied in discovering the art of maneuvering “they” , the haters, the naysayers. This art was brought about by him increasing his sense of humor and awareness of the bigger picture, not just the immediate one. To find more pleasure in the journey rather than the destination.

2. He found that Communication as it pertains to perception is important. Just simply their association is important. He found this to be important because he understood that if wanted a message to come across to a particular individual, he would have to architect the right delivery, as the delivery would be just as important, if not more important than the message itself. He found this breakthrough only after discovering the egotistical driven response from his coach when he voiced his concerns about the style of training.


Quantum Failure:

He failed Spanish class for the majority of the semester, and because of that he couldn’t play on the high school soccer team and he felt he disappointed his mother.

Quantum Breakthroughs:  

1. He found the importance of Focus, and he found the association of this importance as it pertains to answering his “Why”… aka the fire within him that pushes him when he feels he can’t give anymore. 

2. He found that there exist a power dynamic between him and his superiors— coach or teacher. The control to give an F or sit a player on the bench, one in and of the same. Even though his awareness of this obvious fact is not new, what is new is his recognition of this power dynamic in terms of how it shouldn’t have an effect on his ability to rise as he follows his own journey. As this power dynamic affects most, it will not affect him because he knows that he is on a path, his own path, for which he can make his own decisions and choices for, not somebody else.


Quantum Failure: 

He couldn’t pass the fitness test for his high school soccer team, because he was fat. In result of this, he would be benched for the majority of the season.

Quantum Breakthrough:

1. After contemplating if he should quit the team, he found that the fear of returning to Columbia would supersede any fitness test or weight problem. He wrestled with his fear until he managed to use his fear to work on his side, to propel him towards his ultimate success. 


Quantum Failure: He got benched all season in high school. He let his emotions get the best of him, during this time period. 

Quantum Breakthroughs: 

1. He found that letting emotions get the best of him, was not beneficial for the pursuit of his goals, actually it was the opposite. He no longer wanted to fight himself. If any negative emotion would come his way on his pursuit to his goals, he would find a way to use it to help propel him further faster.

2. His breakthrough was that in tough times, faith is a necessity. He finds it to be a necessity because faith is belief, and no one can take that away from you.


Quantum Failure: He had a bad high school soccer season. In result of his poor performances, he let his emotion and frustration take his wheel. 

Quantum Breakthrough: 1. He took back control of his own wheel by getting out of his own way. He found and is currently finding ways to use his emotions as a tool to help him perform better.